‘How can I avoid infecting sexual partners?’

Everyone regardless of gender or HIV status should practise safer sex. You can still have sex if you are HIV positive, but you must practise safer sex to avoid passing on the infection.

This means using a condom and lube for anal sex (or vaginal sex) and a dam or condom for oral sex.

Additionally, you can choose only to engage in types of sex that carry a lower risk of passing on sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Practise safer sex

Lower risk types of sex include masturbating a partner, receiving oral sex and ‘water sports’. You can’t get HIV from urine or spit unless they have significant amounts of blood in them.

You should practise safer sex even if your partner already has HIV. This is to avoid either of you becoming infected with more than one type of HIV or any other STI.

Find out more about lower risk sex and how to use condoms and lube properly.